Events and Commands are two communication tools that I use really often. I have planned more exhaustive articles on the topic, but now I want to write a short post about one rule I apply when I use them. Sometimes it occurs to me the question: should the listener class know the dispatcher  class or the dispatcher class know the listener class?

Generally I answer in this way:

If I use event listeners, I inject the dispatcher inside the class which defines the method callback, ie:

In this way I do not need to expose the private members of the listener.

On the other way around, if I use the command pattern to achieve object communication (and I do it at lot), I usually invert the logic.

This because the Command Pattern add an extra layer of abstraction that does not let the dispatch and the listener know each other directly.

Using this rule I often end up with tidy code, so I hope it can help you as well.

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André "Intentor" Martins
André "Intentor" Martins
7 years ago

Short yet interesting article! This is a topic that is often overlooked, even being so important to game programming. I’ve been using the command pattern for a while in games, and it helped me keeping the code more organized, centralizing actions’ codes in a single place. I also implemented (sort of) a command pattern on my dependency injection container (, and I’d like your input on the way commands are dispatched (not necessarily about the container, but more in a general sense). The pattern states that we should have an invoker class, just like in your example. However, to make… Read more »

Sebastiano Mandalà
Sebastiano Mandalà
7 years ago

Hello, I now use generics as well. I also don’t remember what that CommandDispatcher was, I am going to remove it from the example. I don’t use middle classes to dispatch, but I do use a CommandFactory. Knowing the type of a command is not a problem for coupling, it doesn’t make much sense to abstract commands. Some IoC containers use Command Maps, mapping events to commands, but I don’t like this solution to be part of a framework.

André "Intentor" Martins
André "Intentor" Martins
7 years ago

Thanks for the reply!

Now I accept in peace of mind that my approach is ok!